Stochastic optimal generation bid to electricity markets with emissions risk constraints.

Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsF.-Javier Heredia; Julián Cifuentes-Rubiano; Cristina Corchero
Journal TitleJournal of Environmental Management
Start Page432
Journal DateFebruary 2018
ISSN Number0301-4797
Key Wordsresearch; OR in Energy; Stochastic Programming; Risk Management; Electricity market; Emissions reduction; paper
AbstractThere are many factors that influence the day-ahead market bidding strategies of a generation company (GenCo) within the framework of the current energy market. Environmental policy issues are giving rise to emission limitation that are becoming more and more important for fossil-fueled power plants, and these must be considered in their management. This work investigates the influence of the emissions reduction plan and the incorporation of the medium-term derivative commitments in the optimal generation bidding strategy for the day-ahead electricity market. Two different technologies have been considered: the high-emission technology of thermal coal units and the low-emission technology of combined cycle gas turbine units. The Iberian Electricity Market (MIBEL) and the Spanish National Emissions Reduction Plan (NERP) defines the environmental framework for dealing with the day-ahead market bidding strategies. To address emission limitations, we have extended some of the standard risk management methodologies developed for financial markets, such as Value-at-Risk (VaR) and Conditional Value-at-Risk (CVaR), thus leading to the new concept of Conditional Emission at Risk (CEaR). This study offers electricity generation utilities a mathematical model for determining the unit’s optimal generation bid to the wholesale electricity market such that it maximizes the long-term profits of the utility while allowing it to abide by the Iberian Electricity Market rules as well as the environmental restrictions set by the Spanish National Emissions Reduction Plan. We analyze the economic implications for a GenCo that includes the environmental restrictions of this National Plan as well as the NERP’s effects on the expected profits and the optimal generation bid.
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A Multistage Stochastic Programming Model for the Optimal Bid of Wind-BESS Virtual Power Plants to Electricity Markets

Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsF.-Javier Heredia; Marlyn D. Cuadrado; J.-Anton Sánchez
Conference Name4th International Conference on Optimization Methods and Software 2017
Conference Date16-21/12/2017
Conference LocationLa Havana
Type of WorkInvited presentation
Key Wordsmultistage; VSS; wind-BESS VPP; wind power; energy storage; battery; research
AbstractOne of the objectives of the FOWGEN project ( was to study the economic feasibility and optimal operation of a wind-BESS Virtual Power Plant (VPP): In [1] an ex-post economic analysis shows the economic viability of a wind-BESS VPP thanks to the optimal operation in day-ahead and ancillary electricity markets; In [2] a new multi-stage stochastic programming model (WBVPP)for the optimal bid of a wind producer both in spot and ancillary services electricity markets is developed. The work presented here extends the study in [2] with a new methodology to treat the uncertainty, based in forecasting models, and the study of the quality of the stochastic solution. [1] F-Javier Heredia et al. Economic analysis of battery electric storage systems operating in electricity markets 12th International Conference on the European Energy Market (EEM15), 2015 DOI: 10.1109/EEM.2015.7216739. [2] F-Javier Heredia et al. On optimal participation in the electricity markets of wind power plants with battery energy storage system. Submitted, under second revision. 2017.
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Contribution to the 4th International Conference on Optimization Methods and Software 2017, La Havana.

 Last december I was invited to the 4th International Conference on Optimization Methods and Software 2017  that was held in La Havana, to present the study A Multistage Stochastic Programming Model for the Optimal Bid of Wind-BESS Virtual Power Plants to Electricity Markets. This study was developed in collaboration with Marlyn Cuadrado and Josep Anton Sánchez, from my same department in the UPC, and is a partial result of the research project FOWGEM. This study is a follow up of the previous work presented in  the WindFarms 2017 Conference extended with a new methodology to treat the uncertainty, based in forecasting models, and the study of the quality of the stochastic solution through the Value of the Stochastic Solution. In the animated graph you can observe how the the probability distribution of several recourse variables (optimal bid, imbalances, charge/discharge and SOC) evolves along five working days.

Comparison of production strategies and degree of postponement when incorporating additive manufacturing to product supply chains

Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsJ. Minguella-Canela; A. Muguruza; D.R. Lumbierres; F.-Javier Heredia; R. Gimeno; P. Guo; M. Hamilton; K. Shastry; S. Webb
Conference NameManufacturing Engineering Society International Conference 2017, MESIC 2017, 28-30
Conference Date28-30/07/2017
Conference LocationVigo, Spain
Type of WorkContributed presentation
Key Wordsresearch; Additive Manufacturing; Ultra-postponement; Supply Chain; stochastic programming
AbstractThe best-selling products manufactured nowadays are made in long series along rigid product value chains. Product repetition and continuous/stable manufacturing is seen as a chance for achieving economies of scale. Nevertheless, these speculative strategies fail to meet special customer demands, thus reducing the effective market share of a product in a range. Additive Manufacturing technologies open promising product customization opportunities; however, to achieve it, it is necessary to delay the production operations in order to incorporate the customer’s inputs in the product materialization. The study offered in the present paper compares different possible production strategies for a product (via conventional technologies and Additive Manufacturing) and assesses the degree of postponement that it would be recommended in order to meet a certain demand distribution. The problem solving is calculated by a program containing a stochastic mathematical model which incorporates extensive information on costs and lead times for the required manufacturing operations.
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Strategical models in supply chain design through mathematical optimization.

Publication TypeFunded research projects
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsF.-Javier Heredia
Type of participationLeader
Funding organizationAccenture Technology Labs
PartnersAccenture Technology Labs (Silicon Valley), Accenture Analytics Innovation Center (Barcelona)
Full time researchers2
Project codeI-01507, I-01508
Key Wordsresearch; supply chain; manufacturing; private; project; Accenture
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Optimización de costos logísticos: Un caso de estudio de una empresa de plásticos

Publication TypeProceedings Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsMiguel Mata Perez; F.-Javier Heredia; Claudia Morales Carreon
Conference NameCongreso Internacional de Logística y Cadena de Suministro 2016 CILOG2016
Series TitleSesiones técnicas
Conference Start Date3-7/09/2016
PublisherAsociación Mexicana de Logística y Cadena de Suministro A.C.
Conference LocationYucatán, México
Key Wordsresearch; supply chain; distribution chain; logistics; paper
AbstractHoy en día los costos logísticos representan una gran oportunidad de mejora para las empresas siendo los costos de transporte y los costos de inventario los más representativos. En este trabajo se presenta un estudio de una empresa ubicada en la región, la cual incurre actualmente en altos costos logísticos en su proceso de importación de materia prima desde Asia hasta su filial en Monterrey, N.L. Por medio de un modelo matemático entero mixto se consigue minimizar los costos antes mencionados. El modelo tiene las siguientes características: es de ubicación de facilidades en cuatro etapas, multiproducto, multiperiodo y multitransporte.
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A Study on Feasibility of the Distributed Battery Energy Storage Systems in Spanish Retail Electricity Market

Publication TypeTesis de Grau i Màster // BSc and MSc Thesis
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsMaksims Sisovs
DirectorF.-Javier Heredia
Tipus de tesiMSc Thesis
Titulació"KIC InnoEnergy" Master of Science in Smart Electrical Networks and Systems
CentreEscola Tècnica Superior d'Enginyeria Industrial de Barcelona (ETSEIB)
Data defensa16/09/2016
Nota // mark10 MH (A+ with honours)
Key Wordsteaching; BEES; battery energy storage systems; electrical vehicle; smart meters; retail energy market; MSc Thesis
AbstractThe main focus of this master thesis project is to evaluate the economic, technical and regulatory feasibility of distributed battery energy storage systems (BESS) and the potential opportunity of electricity companies to increase their pro ts through advanced operation in energy services, such as electric energy time-shift, ancillary or electric vehicle incentives in Spanish electricity market. To assess the feasibility, an optimization tool has been developed. This tool simulates energy trading between diff erent market participants with particular features extracted from data analysis and literature. Load consumption pro les had been developed from smart meter real data by applying several data mining techniques. This part had been guided by external collaborating entity Minsait. Electricity market analysis includes the overview of its functionality principles and regulatory side regarding storage adaptation and speci fic service applicability. Market historical prices were used for further electricity trading simulation. A brief technical insight explains current storage situation and tells about high-potential technologies in emerging markets. Benchmark analysis covers several products of battery manufacturers with relevant technical and price information. Spanish electricity market showed low adaptability to distributed BESS solutions: energy arbitrage incomes have resulted being insuficient. Ancillary services, despite promising economic gures, are to a large extent prohibited to be provided by distributed storage. Electric vehicle incentives, though, resulted being of a high interest due to absence of direct investment.
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On the optimal participation in electricity markets of wind power plants with battery energy storage systems

Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsF.-Javier Heredia; Cristina Corchero; Marlyn D. Cuadrado
Conference Name28th European Conference on Operational Research
Series TitleConference Handbook
Conference Date3-6/07/2016
Conference LocationPoznan, Poland
Type of Workcontributed presentation.
Key Wordsresearch; VPP; wind generation; battery energy storage system; stochastic programming; electricity market; optimal bid
AbstractThe recent cost reduction and technologic advances in medium to large scale Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS) makes these devices a real choice alternative for wind producers operating in electricity markets. The association of a wind power farm with a BESS (the so called Virtual Power Plant VPP) provides utilities with a tool to turn the uncertainty wind power production into a dispatchable technology enabled to operate not only in the spot and adjustment markets (day-ahead and intraday markets) but also in ancillary services markets that, up to now, was forbidden to non-dispatchable technologies. Even more, recent studies have shown that the capital cost investment in BESS can only be recovered through the participation of such a VPP in the ancillary services markets. We present in this study a stochastic programming model to find the optimal participation of a VPP to the day-ahead market and secondary reserve markets (the most relevant ancillary service market) where the uncertainty in wind power generation and markets prices (day-ahead ancillary services) has been considered. A case study with real data from the Iberian Electricity Market is presented.
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